Solar Magazine – Cabinet takes control of the physical planning, the use of solar panels on the roofs is strengthened

Minister De Jonge reports that the cabinet is taking control of spatial planning in the Netherlands and wants to establish agreements per. province by 2023. Among other things, the use of solar panels on the roofs must be strengthened.

The Minister of Housing and Spatial Planning reports to the Senate and the House of Representatives that the spatial tasks are large and lack of space and that it requires national governance.

Distribution problem
“The Netherlands is a small country with big ambitions and even bigger challenges. The spatial challenges we face are enormous – demographic growth and what it means for housing and urban development, the transformation of agriculture, the transformation of our energy supply. We are on the threshold of a major renovation ‘, says De Jonge. “To steer it in the right direction, we need to take back control of spatial planning. It is a matter of management, we owe it to our children and grandchildren to think several generations ahead and make the right choices. This scarcity in place means that the central government has to regain control of the spatial domain: to choose to allocate and to enable a fair result in this allocation issue. ‘

National elections
According to the Minister, some of the choices will have to be made at national level. The major acute tasks are shaped through the different national programs in the various ministries in the physical field. To a greater extent than in recent years, the government will have to make its own choices if national tasks intervene spatially or if spatial quality so requires. Spatial structuring choices are made in the various educations.

Spatial puzzle by province
The 12 provinces are asked to spatially translate, integrate and combine the national tasks and objectives with decentralized tasks. From 1 October 2022, the tasks will be formulated per. policy domain, the provinces will then put the spatial puzzle per. province. This spatial puzzle will provide insight into whether the implementation of the programs is spatially possible in the province in question, or whether further national elections are needed before 1 July 2023. Mutual agreements on this in October 2023 form the spatial scheme per. province.

NOVEX areas
In addition to physical management per. province is the focus on area-oriented management. For a number of regions, it is clear that national tasks are stacked in such a way that it is necessary to organize and prioritize them by area. It is the NOVEX areas that will be reused or redesigned. A number of areas were already known as National Environmental Vision (NOVI) areas or as areas with major urbanization challenges: Amsterdam North Sea Canal Area, Groene Hart, Port of Rotterdam, North Sea Port District, Southern Randstad, MRA, Utrecht, Zwolle Region, Groningen -Assen, De Peel and South Limburg, Urban Brabant, Arnhem-Nijmegen-Foodvalley and the NOVEX area Groningen. 2 new areas have been added: the Schiphol region and Lelylijn.

Do you need a higher generation?
‘Energy production on land is a large spatial task with great social impact’, De Jonge continues. “We are also looking at what role nuclear energy can play in this. In order to organize the energy and economic networks of the future as efficiently as possible, it is possible to place new large-scale and energy-intensive functions (including associated networks) in “corridors” and in nodes in these corridors. These clusters, located in a few carefully defined places, can therefore function as part of the energy and mobility system. Connections to existing infrastructures, such as railway lines, waterways, pipelines or high-voltage routes are conceivable. When planning these corridors and nodes, the sea level rise and the space needed to accommodate high water levels must be taken into account. In the short term, basic system choices are required. For example, about the role that hydrogen plays in energy conversion, about bundling networks in corridors and about clustering in nodes. ‘

In doing so, De Jonge identifies various national problems. ‘How can the energy demand and the demand for (scarce) raw materials and materials be reduced to make the spatial task of making the remaining demand more sustainable? What can land policy contribute to this? What system choices are involved? Is there a higher task for the production of sustainable energy on land? And is there a need for further spatial guidelines to shape this properly? ‘

Maximum sun on the roof
Minister De Jonge reiterates that Minister of Climate and Energy Jetten will present a policy letter for solar energy this month. He is already lifting a corner of the veil on the choices made in the letter, such as maximum bets on sun on the roof.

‘The task of renewable energy on land remains necessary. Double use of the space is necessary, also for the purpose of social support for generation. The government is obliged to make maximum use of roofs and other objects for the production of solar energy. Hereby, the strengthening of the preferred sequence of solar PV and the further stimulation, facilitation and standardization of solar on roofs and possibly also on objects will be considered. This brings the supply and demand of electricity together. To limit the cumulative use of space by new features in rural areas, it is being considered to use smart standards to strive for maximum sun on the roof in new construction in green fields. ‘

In addition, the ‘solar letter’ also makes choices about controlling the multifunctional utilization of space in the production of solar energy on land.

National programs
Finally, Minister De Jonge and his colleagues report to the Cabinet that they are fully committed to developing national programs in several areas: the land and water system, for agriculture and nature, structuring networks for energy and a (circular) economy, and for cities, that can be lived. and regions.

For energy, this includes the Energy Main Structure Program (PEH). This program focuses on the physical planning of the energy system at the national level. Minister Jetten is to deliver the design program by the summer of 2023. In connection with this, the National Sustainable Energy Infrastructure Program (PIDI) will be used to accelerate the realization of the infrastructure plans that the industry needs to achieve the climate goals. Another example of a program is the National Energy System Plan with a target year 2050. The program also provides direction for the desired development of the energy system based on the public interests of security of supply, affordability, security and spatial adaptability.

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