Among other things, the plan proposes to completely close down mink farms, expose whales in aquariums and dolphinariums, stop the use of lead ammunition for hunting, plant 120 million trees and create a new way of life.
Analysis of Spain’s riches
The design analyzes the state of Spain’s natural resources and concludes that, especially in recent decades, they are in decline and are seriously threatened. It is the latter, so they have been greatly aggravated in recent decades. 973 wildlife species are endangered, representing 1.43 percent of all wildlife in Spain. The list will grow to protect more animals. By 2030, at least 40% of extinct species in the entire natural environment should be restored through programs to reintroduce priority and endangered species to historic sites where they have disappeared.
Centers where whales are kept in captivity are being phased out. From 2023, breeding or migration of species will be banned and the conditions of the available space and the characteristics of their habitats in the water will be improved.
Citizens of Consciousness
The Environmental Education Program for Sustainability (PAEAS) promotes the development of initiatives to educate citizens and increase their environmental awareness.
The government wants to designate eight new marine protected areas in the Natura 2000 network between 2023 and 2024. By 2030, 30 percent of Spain’s waters must be protected.
The use of the most dangerous pesticides must be halved. Promoting organic farming and animal husbandry, which will cover an area of 25 percent this decade. It is also proposed to adopt a list of pets in 2023 that will limit the keeping of animals with documented environmental and health safety. A new regulation for breeders of wild species will also be adopted the same year. As part of the goal of combating invasive species, the government will gradually close down mink farms. This too must be completed by 2030. The government is also campaigning to eradicate wild populations of this species.
Measures against the illegal use of poisoned bait in the wild are being reviewed and updated, and measures to protect birds from collision and electric shock from power lines are being changed.
One of the most important proposed changes is to improve existing power lines and change the rules. By 2030, all dangerous sections will be appropriately adapted to the revised rules.
There must be more control of micro-plastic waste in the fisheries sector, ports, shipping and the tourism sector. The use of lead in both fishing tackle and large game hunting will be banned throughout Spain, and this ban will be extended to small game hunting and target shooting by 2030 by 2030 at the latest.
Grants and funding
Another initiative included in the strategy is a review by 2025 of grants and incentives that are detrimental to natural heritage and biodiversity. By 2025, these will be halved, and by 2030, all grants and incentives will be assured that all grants and incentives are neutral or positive for natural heritage and biodiversity.
The construction sector is also discussed; the government aims to take action by 2024 to ensure that at least 1% of the public construction budget is used to fund measures that contribute to the conservation of natural heritage and biodiversity and to its sustainable use. Finally, the composition, functions and rules of the Spanish Natural Heritage and Biodiversity Council should also be reviewed.