June 14. Just arrived: Adolf Daens is dead

Annual That World Blood Donor Day, established in 2004 by the World Health Organization (WHO) to draw worldwide attention to the importance of voluntary and unpaid blood donation, for people who donate their blood to save lives, without expecting anything in return. The day takes place every year on June 14, the date of birth of the discoverer of blood groups, Karl Landsteiner (1868-1943), more about this below.

Ernst van Altena (1933-1999)

1999 Died in Lansmeer (North Holland) van Ernst of Altena (65), Dutch poet and author, best known as the translator of chansons by Jacques Brel.

1985 Signature in Luxembourg village Schengen of Treaty of Schengen. It allows free movement of persons between the Benelux, Germany and France. The treaty has since been extended to 26 countries. Passport control takes place at the external borders of the Schengen area.

1966 The Vatican abolishes Index from forbidden books. That Indeks librorum prohibitorum existed since 1557.

1947 On the night between 14 and 15 June, a bomb exploded near the building in Antwerp junk jarone of the first Flemish national weekly magazines of the post-war period.

Today

Evrard Raskin (1935-2016)

1935 Birth in Hasselt of Evrard Raskin, lawyer and Flemish national politician. From 1966 to 1975 he was a member of the National Board of the League of Nations. In 1973, he narrowly lost the election for the party’s chairmanship to Hugo Schiltz. From March 1968 to April 1977 he was a member of the Board of Representatives of the Tongeren-Maaseik constituency. He was then provincial senator for Limburg from April 1977 to December 1978. Raskin was a convinced heel Dutchman and from 1987 to 1991 Flemish chairman of Ordinary-Dutch Association. In addition, he evolved from a fairly traditional Catholic to agnostic humanism. He died in 2016 at the age of eighty after writing a number of historical works.

1907 Died in Aalst by Adolf Daens (67), better known as priest Daens, Flemish politician and socialist. He and his brother Pieter gave his name daensismea social, Flemish-oriented Christian Democratic movement that published the papal encyclical Rerum Novarum of Pope Leo XIII (1891) in earnest. This resulted in the creation of an independent Flemish party, the Christian People’s Party (1893), whose program he writes. The inhuman conditions at the Aalst factories deeply affect him and lead to a thorough social reflection. The starting point for Daens is not class struggle, but social justice and solidarity. He was therefore not a socialist, but rather a man of solidarity.

Daens was born into a family of small business owners. In 1859 he entered the novitiate of the Jesuits. Difficulties with his superior led him to resign from the Jesuit order in 1871. The same year he was admitted to the Major Seminary in Ghent, where he was ordained a priest in 1873. His involvement in the Christian People’s Party (CVP) brought him into conflict with the episcopate. . In 1894, Daens was elected a Member of Parliament, a position he held until 1898.

In May 1895, Daens is summoned to speak at the Vatican. Daens refuses to leave politics. In the period 1895-1897, he received a dozen sanctions from the Bishop of Ghent. Under severe pressure, Daens finally agreed in 1898 to refrain from political activity. Daens soon feels cheated and returns to the Christene Volkspartij. As a result, the conflict with the church escalates again. In 1899, Daens is deprived of his priesthood.

From 1902 to 1906, Daens sat in the hall again, this time for the Brussels district. In 1905, he and his brother signed a Danish bill on the Dutchization of the University of Ghent. That same year, he was officially condemned by the Vatican. When the weary Daens reconciles with the church in February 1907, he is thrown out of the CVP … He dies exhausted on June 14 of that year.

Daensism is largely preoccupied with Flemish nationalism. After 1945, the priest Adolf Daens was honored on all sides. It starts with the Catholic Party, which has been active since 1945 Christian People’s Party (CVP) and embraces the green of Danishism as a party color. Aalst honors him in 1957 with a statue and in 2004 with honorary citizenship in the city. Meanwhile, Daens has been the subject of novels, a film, a musical. And in 2015, which is 108 years after his death, Daens must be rehabilitated. Archbishop Léonard of Mechelen-Brussels puts flowers on his grave and says, among other things: ‘The priest fought a good fight for the workers, which was shamefully exploited. They were abused by their bosses and by the arrogance of their representatives, who despised their language – Flemish.

Today

Karl Landsteiner (1868-1943)

1868 Birth in Vienna of Karl Landsteiner, Austrian-Jewish physician and pathologist, professor and Nobel laureate in medicine (1930). In 1901, he established that blood can be divided into blood groups, A, B, AB and O, making blood transfusions possible. After all, a blood transfusion can only have the same or a compatible blood group if the recipient and donor have the same or a compatible blood group. In 1890, Landsteiner and his wife simultaneously converted to Roman Catholicism. He from Judaism, she from the Greek Orthodox Church.

After World War I, he lived in the Netherlands for five years and published five scientific studies in Dutch. He moved to the United States in 1923 and became a U.S. citizen in 1929. Years later, in 1937, Landsteiner filed a lawsuit against the publisher of the reference book. Who is who in American Judaism, in which he does not wish to appear. The judge finds him wrong, for a change of religion does not mean a change of people. Landsteiner died in 1943.

1834 American Isaac Fischer receives four patents for sandpaper

1822 The British mathematician Charles Babbage sends a sketch of an ‘automatic differential machine’ to the Royal Astronomical Society in London. It’s the first design for one PC

Today

Statue of Lieven Bauwens in Ghent, on Lieven Bauwensplein.

1769 Birth in Ghent of Dear Bauwens, South Dutch entrepreneur, industrial spy, thief and collaborator with the French occupier. His company is a supplier to the French army, and he has been appointed ‘maire’ (mayor) of Ghent by the French. He died in Paris in 1822. As far as we know, he is the only collaborator honored in Ghent with a statue and a street name.

1658 Spain loses again French-Flemish municipalities Dunkirk, Broekburg, Sint-Winoksbergen and Grevelingen to an Anglo-French coalition led by Turenne. The French occupied the area, but a few days later, on June 25, Dunkirk and Mardijk were returned to the English. The condition is that the administration of the city is again in Dutch.

1572 klitkamp at Leffrinkhoeke and Rozendaal where Artesiaone of our 17 provinces, Holland is disappearing.

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