The new Director – General for Animal Rights, Sergio García Torres, hopes that the parliamentary process will be completed by the end of this year. Then it can enter into force in 2023. Other proposals in the draft include the ban on private livestock farming, the establishment of the State Animal Protection Council and the establishment of an animal welfare plan, which must be renewed every three years.
What is ID for animals?
Article 10 of the draft law on animal protection, rights and welfare regulates the new Central Register of Animal Protection, also known as animal ID. Pet owners have access to the national register of animal data via the digital document. This animal ID attracts the most attention. Regardless of the autonomous region from which data is needed, they can be found so quickly. It is positive if, for example. lose a dog or a cat. The authorities can then quickly contact the owners via the chip and the register. Even if the pet is registered in a different province than where it was found.
Another advantage is that it is no longer necessary to access the information on the animal’s chip with a microchip reader. The information may also be contained in a QR code that each animal receives.
The system will consist of a department of animal protection authorities, one of animal behavior professionals, one of pets, one of zoos and animal shelters and one of breeders.
How much will an animal ID cost and where can it be applied for?
“Dier IDE will be completely free,” Torres says. It will be sent to the owners of the animals once they have implanted the usual microchip. Additional procedures are then no longer necessary. It is automatic and you do not have to go anywhere to request it. “You do not have to go to the police station to register your dog,” Torres jokes to RTVE.es.
When will DNI for pets come into force?
The preliminary draft is still awaiting another round in the Council of Ministers. It comes after the trial of charges (more than 6,000 have been received) that could come during the summer. The ministry expects this process to be completed by the end of this year so that DNI for pets can enter into force in 2023. “It could be published in the Official Gazette about six months after the law was published,” the director explains to RTVE.es.
But … hadn’t it already come into force?
None. At the beginning of the year, the law came into force, establishing the new consideration of animals as “living beings”. The text already mentions the identification register for animals. That idea is related to the animal ID, but the law on animal protection and rights should eventually provide for it. Since then, the story has started circulating that the pet ID was already approved and required.
Are animals excluded from the law?
The concept excludes animals used in bullfighting, production animals and wild animals from the norm. The latter are covered by the provisions of the Natural Heritage and Biodiversity Act (42/2007). The owner can choose to register a production animal as a pet in the relevant register.
Still possible to buy pets?
The main purpose of the bill is to regulate people’s behavior regarding pets. This results in a number of duties and obligations for the owners. One is to mimic the breeding and sale of pets. These would no longer be for sale in stores, with the exception of fish. In addition, only certified professionals should be allowed to grow.
“This is done to prevent unwanted reproduction and subsequent abandonment or sacrifice,” the design specifies. For this reason, if two animals of the opposite sex live in the same place, they must be sterilized.
What would dog owners be required to do?
Article 35 of the draft requires dog owners to take an accredited course to own these animals. It would be a free and short education, Torres says. The training aims to help people understand the responsibility of having a pet in order to reduce the number of animals left behind. In addition, the owners must take out liability insurance.
What institutions are there to protect animals?
In principle, there will be a Minister of Animal Welfare as an advisory body. Article 19 of the draft also contains a national animal protection plan, a tool for identifying and defining actions and targets aimed at eradicating animal cruelty and promoting its protection. This plan will be prepared every three years. This includes a national plan against animal cruelty and a national plan against abandonment.
There will also be a statistical register for animal protection. It provides an opportunity to monitor the state of animal protection in Spanish society. The register thus serves as a basis for decisions to assess and improve the condition of the animals. An animal protection fund is planned for the latter. The money in this will come from the budget of the Ministry of Social Rights and Agenda 2030.
What does the rule say about cat colonies?
Article 51 contains a standard for the development of ethical management programs for cat colonies. This promotes cooperation with citizens in the care of city cats. There will also be ethical plans for population control based on sterilization and return of animals to their colony.
What is the probability that the law will be passed?
The ministry expects the law to be passed. Despite the more than 6,000 accusations received, Torres says it calls for “a much more protectionist standard”. It shows that there is great support in society for the law and its necessity.
Inclusion of hunting dogs as “red line”
However, the “red line” is the possible inclusion of hunting dogs in the standard. It would protect them like any other dog. But Spain has a significant hunting lobby that is fiercely opposed to different rules for handling their dogs. According to Torres, the ministry is not considering excluding these animals. After approving the standard in the second round of the Council of Ministers, Parliament must still give the green light. This means that until then there is a possibility that the content may change.
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