Parents who meet the conditions and make use of formal care can be reimbursed part of the expenses through the care allowance. This is formal care in a day care service or by a registered day care worker. The data comes from the tax authorities.
Although the number of children aged 0 to 12 has decreased in recent years, the number of children with childcare has been increasing since 2015. In the period 2015-2018, the growth in day care was mainly a result of the conversion of playgroups to childcare facilities. During this period, the number of 0-4-year-olds in day care has increased by more than 100 thousand. From 2019, the growth in the number of children in day care will have leveled off.
|* preliminary figures
1) A child can use several forms of childcare. In total, however, a child is counted only once. The sum is therefore not equal to the sum of all children who visit the various forms of care.
Less childcare for day care workers
The number of children cared for by recognized day care workers fell in 2021 for the fourth year in a row. In 2021, more than 127 thousand children were cared for by a recognized day care worker, more than 26 thousand fewer than in 2017. Compared to a year earlier, the number of children cared for by day care workers before or after school decreased, especially in 2021. In the childcare centers, the number of children in schooling remained largely unchanged at almost 500 thousand.
Grants for more than 668 thousand parents
In 2021 was more than 668 thousand parental benefit for the care of a total of more than 1 million children. That was almost 6 thousand more parents and 11 thousand more children than in 2020. On average, unemployment benefit recipients received 5 230 euros per year, 250 euros more than in 2020. The billable childcare costs in 2021 were on average 7 310 euros†
Childcare is reimbursed for 72 per cent
When the childcare allowance was introduced, the basic principle was that the state, employers and parents should each pay one third of the childcare costs. In 2021, parents paid on average almost 2 100 euro on an annual basis, it is 28 percent of the billable care expenses. A year earlier, it was 27 percent.
|* preliminary figures|
Often different forms of reception
Parents only receive childcare allowance for the use of formal childcare. However, in addition to formal childcare, parents can also choose other forms of childcare to combine childcare with work, such as caring for their partner or caring for grandparents.
Figures from the Labor Force Survey show that 6 percent of households with children aged 12 or younger and working parents in 2021 have stated that they only use formal childcare. With 16 percent, caring for the children was solely with the partner at times when they were working. The other households used other forms of childcare or a combination of formal childcare with other forms. In 16 percent of households, the care was supplemented by the partner with an unpaid babysitter and formal childcare. The care provided by the partner is also relatively often combined with either formal childcare or an unpaid babysitter.
|Partner, unpaid nanny and formal childcare||15.7|
|Partner and formal reception||15.3|
|Partner and unpaid nanny||14.0|
|Partner and other forms of shelter||10.0|
|Just another kind of reception||9.9|
|Formal reception only||5.9|
|Unpaid babysitter only||3.8|
|Unpaid nanny and formal childcare||3.3|
|Partner and paid nanny||1.3|