Nov 6 Just in: Adolphe Sax born, inventor of the saxophone

2012 Actress, comedian and singer died in Amsterdam Hetty Block (92). She was best known for her role as ‘Sister Klivia’ in the TV series Yes sister, no sister (VARA, 1966-1968) by Annie MG Schmidt. Among other things, she sang You mustn’t knock on the doors, my grandfather (with Leen Jongewaard)Want a cut of the fuchsia? Movie: Burning love, Beautiful in the rain, Stars shining everywhere, etc. On 24 May 2008, at the age of 88, Hetty Blok, accompanied by her regular pianist Bas Odijk, sang a series of songs from Annie MG Schmidt’s work in the theater hall of the Amsterdam Public Library to close Annie. MG Schmidt week.

1991 Chairman Boris Yeltsin (1931-2007) bans the Communist Party in Russia.

1990 Hungary becomes the 24th member of the Council of Europe, making it the first Warsaw Pact country to join the organization.

The Green March in 1975

1975 The Moroccan King Hassan II arranges one Green March to Western Sahara and sends 350,000 Moroccans to the area. The move was intended to put pressure on Spain, which at the time had Western Sahara as its colony. In addition, the march was supposed to contribute to national unity and strengthen the authority of the monarch. After two military coups in 1971 and 1972, which attempted to kill the king, Hassan II felt a strong need to restore his authority. The Green March succeeded: Spain gave up the colony, and Morocco annexed two-thirds of the Western Sahara, and largely controls that part of the desert to this day.

This annexation is being challenged by the resistance movement Polisario, which is supported by Algeria. The UN decided on a referendum, but Morocco categorically rejects a referendum.

Today

Adolphe Max (1869-1939)

1939 The death of the mayor of Brussels Adolf Max. This lawyer sees a great danger in the Flemish movement for the dominant position of the French-speaking minority in Belgium and does everything he can to maintain the status quo. As chairman of the liberal group in the chamber, he succeeds in blocking many pro-Flemish proposals. He thwarts the Dutchization of the University of Ghent, the adoption of the language laws in the 1930s, the amnesty proposals after the First World War and everything that he believes threatens the hegemony of the French language. One of his last anti-Flemish acts was the banning of a demonstration in Brussels, planned for 31 March 1935 by the Association of Flemish Former Fighters, Davidsfonds and Vlaamse Toeristenbond.

The city of Brussels honors him with a monument on Heysel and a street name, Adolphe Maxlaan.

1932 Inauguration by Jef Denijn of the new Belle carillon (French Flanders), built according to the principles of the Mechelen School.

Today

Colonel Jacob Schick’s electric shaver (1877-1937)

1923 Jacob Schick (1877-1937) obtains a patent for the world’s first electric shaver. That invention brings him a fortune, which he invests in the Bahamas. When he is questioned by the tax authorities, he flees to Canada and obtains Canadian citizenship.

1919 First radio broadcast in the Netherlands for a wide public. The program is delivered by engineer and radio pioneer Hanso Schotanus à Steringa Idzerda (1885-1944). He broadcasts a ‘radio music evening’ from 20:00 to 23:00 from his home in The Hague. The studio and transmission equipment are made by his own company, NRI (Dutch Radio Industry). Idzerda is shot by the German occupiers in 1944 for espionage. He had been tinkering with parts from a downed V2 rocket.

1888 Birth in Berchem (Antwerp) of Paul Lepage, Flemish music educator and publisher. He is the son of a Walloon civil servant from Arlon and an artistic German mother from Dortmund. Originally brought up in French, Lepage became Flemish-minded under the influence of his Dutch teacher at the Antwerp Athenaeum, Pol de Mont. In 1907 he became an official in Bruggen en Wegen, but his resolutely fiery attitude caused bad blood in the ministry in Brussels: he demanded that all correspondence with his service in Antwerp be conducted in Dutch. As a result, he is deprived of any promotion opportunity for the rest of his life.

After his singing studies at the Royal Flemish Conservatory of Music in Antwerp, Lepage began giving concerts with only Flemish music on the program with Jos Watelet as pianist. He was one of the co-founders of the Groeningerwacht and came into contact with August Borms. The group Pro Westlandia grew out of this, with the aim of conducting concert tours in French Flanders with high-quality Dutch-language work. In 1912, together with Tony Magnus, he also founded the song publishing house Voor Taal en Volk with the aim of disseminating the work of young composers and lyricists such as Jef van Hoof, August de Boeck, Arthur Meulemans and Renaat Veremans.

During the First World War, Lepage stays in Holland and is involved in the Work for Belgian refugees; in addition, he gives countless singing evenings, with which he also promotes the work of Flemish writers and composers in the Netherlands. After the war, he was chairman of the Flemish front in Berchem (1922-1930) and leader of the Liederavonden for the people. In 1920 he started his life’s work: the foundation from his own funds of the music publisher De Ring. ‘Before and after the First World War, Lepage’s entire cultural enterprise was selflessly in the service of the Flemish cause’ (Ludo Simons). He died in 1957, aged 69. The alto singer Francine Lepage (1915-2006) is his daughter.

1814 Birth in Dinant (Namur) of Adolphe Sax. His father, Charles-Joseph Sax, is an instrument builder known for some important changes he made to the horn. Learning from his father, who ran a wind instrument factory in Brussels, Adolphe Sax began building instruments at an early age. After school, Sax begins experimenting with building new designs for instruments. His first major invention is an improvement in bass clarinet design. At the age of 20, Adolphe Sax receives a patent for this invention.

Sax moves to Paris in 1841 and designs a number of new instruments here, including the flugelhorn-based saxhorn. He also made his most important invention during this period: the saxophone. In 1842, the famous composer Hector Berlioz already praised this invention, but Sax did not apply for a patent for the instrument named after him until 1846.

1792 Large invasion by French revolutionaries in southern Holland. They defeat the Austrians at Jemappes and occupy our provinces. One foreign rule is followed by another.

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