Odesa Expo 2030, the first World Expo to be organized in Eastern Europe, follows the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The goal is to embrace economic and social sustainability and implement strategies that address energy efficiency and reduce resource consumption. In addition, the exhibition aims to promote education and promote economic growth throughout the region.
The exhibition will take place near the center of Odessa at the mouth of Khadzhibey, 20 minutes away from the historical city. The site for the exhibition was previously intensively built-up with a lack of biodiversity. This unique location, 20 minutes away from the historic Old Town, ensures that Expo 2030 is easily accessible to visitors. Visitors to Odessa can reach the site through the airport, train station and ferry port. In addition, the site can be fully integrated into the city’s transport infrastructure, community life and cultural life.
South Ukraine’s first exhibition center
The Expo 2030 site consists of five main elements. The main boulevard connects all areas including the national pavilions in the south and the new eco-park in the north on the coast. On both sides of the main boulevard are services, logistics and accommodation for visitors, participants and staff.
Zaha Hadid Architects designed the exhibition primarily with the city’s heritage in mind. The plan is built around four ventral pavilions that will provide 80,000 m² of flexible exhibition halls for fairs and events for the Expo’s conference center and hotel after the fair. As a result, this project can become the first exhibition center in South Ukraine.
Creative reuse of structure
The bespoke approach to designing and building national pavilions from past exhibitions often resulted in significantly higher construction costs and time, higher carbon emissions and less flexibility for future use. To solve these problems, Expo now offers the participating countries the possibility to assemble their pavilion from a kit with a flexible modular system. Countries are given different opportunities and encouraged to use practical, creative and visitor-friendly principles that allow them to individually reinterpret the overall theme of Expo 2030 through their cultural expression.
Through a digital configurator, participants can select and connect components to build their pavilion and customize the design of the facade. Each modular component covers approximately 25% of the 1,600 m² of a standard pavilion and can be combined with various other modular elements to create the desired exhibition space.
After Expo 2030, the national pavilions will be dismantled and reused as new public buildings throughout Ukraine. This will allow the space around the new conference center and exhibition halls to return to nature again with restored wetlands being integrated into the new eco-park.
Individual participants can choose to transport their modules to their home country after Expo 2030. In addition, they can also donate the parts of their pavilion to be shipped and assembled in Ukraine for reuse as schools, medical clinics or smaller studios and workspaces. The modules are specially designed to fit in barges that transport goods in the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov and the Dnipro River. They can easily be delivered to Ukraine’s major cities, where they will be reused as civil and social infrastructure for communities across the country.
Focus on modularity and sustainability
Using modularity with digital design and manufacturing methods, this system from Zaha Hadid Architects ensures that the Expo 2030 pavilions can be quickly and economically manufactured by the local supply chain in Ukraine. The system ensures that each pavilion can be installed, dismantled, shipped and reinstalled in a fast and efficient process. Combined with Ukraine’s existing manufacturing and digital expertise, this modular system can help establish future-proof local construction companies.
In addition, Odesa Expo 2030 will minimize the use of concrete by making extensive use of recycled materials from damaged and demolished buildings in southern Ukraine. Renewable energy sources will be integrated into the design of the pavilions, including solar panels on all roofs, while wind turbines connected to the microgrid will contribute to an energy positive that not only meets its own energy needs, but also supplies renewable energy to the local community.